Institute Publications


National Human Development Report (2009)

National Human Development Report (2009), Montenegro: Society for All

Authors: ISSP team

The first two decades of transition in Montenegro brought significant challenges for the average Montenegrin but also created important new opportunities. On one hand, the economic and political challenges of the 1990s and international sanctions created substantial hardships and resulted in severe unemployment and dramatic economic decline; on the other, Montenegro managed to secure membership in international institutions, verified a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the European Union (EU) in March 2007 and applied for membership in December 2008. The country’s prospective EU membership will bring further opportunities for the citizens of Montenegro.

As the first two years of post-independence transition have demonstrated, Montenegro has enormous potential. Economic growth during 2006-2007 was exceptional; the country received international support for its independence, accelerated its structural reforms and achieved significant progress in its negotiations with the EU regarding its eventual EU membership. However, the boom in the construction, tourism, retail, telecommunications, and banking sectors did not translate into improvements in the human development opportunities of the poor and socially excluded.

The Government of Montenegro has a number of strategic goals to address. It has to sustain its high rates of economic growth, address the trade deficit issue and focus on export-oriented industries, strengthen the rule of law and democratic institutions, combat corruption, and improve the standard of living of its citizens. The Government is also working towards compliance with European standards. In the area of social policies, the Government of Montenegro declared its commitment to provide adequate health, education, housing and other social services to its citizens and to promote social inclusion. In developing and implementing social policies, the Government has to make more effective use of its available resources to provide far-reaching and higher quality services and use its available resources more creatively, by enlisting the support and involvement of local authorities, the private sector and civil society, in service delivery.

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